Endometriosis and Adenomyosis
Happy #WellnessWednesday on a Thursday! Today we are back learning about #Adenomyosis & #Endometriosis. As someone who has been living with Adenomyosis for the past 5 years I feel like it is my duty to help educate and help heal. Both endometriosis and adenomyosis are painful progressive disorders of endometrial tissue. Fortunately, these disorders are treatable and non-life threatening, but I understand can be mentally taxing. Both make it harder to get pregnant, and unfortunately, some women can have both conditions.
What is it? Adenomyosis is a condition of the uterus (womb). The cells that usually form a lining on the inside of the uterus, also grow in the muscle wall of the uterus.
The term adenomyosis comes from the words:
adeno – glandmyo – muscle andosis – condition
Some of the symptoms include abnormal periods, painful periods, pain during sex, tiredness, anemia, and dizziness.
How are you diagnosed? Pelvic imaging such as ultrasound and MRI can detect signs of adenomyosis, but the only way to confirm it is to examine the uterus after hysterectomy.
Types of Adenomyosis:
Diffuse Disease- Widespread disease throughout the uterus
Invasion of the endometrial glands and/or storm into the myometrium
Focal Disease- May also form adenomyosis
Area or mass of disease within the myometrium
There may be both diffuse and focal disease present
What is it? Endometriosis (en-doe-me-tree-O-sis) is an often-painful disorder in which tissue similar to the tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus the endometrium grows outside your uterus.
The term Endometriosis comes from the words:
“endometriosis” = endometrium + the suffix -osis (which means condition). “The endometrium is the mucous membrane that lines the inside of the uterus (womb).
Some of the symptoms include excessive menstrual cramps, pain during intercourse, infertility, pain during urination during periods and painful bowel movements during period
How are you diagnosed? Pelvic exam, Ultrasound, Laparoscopy, Magnetic resonance imaging
Types of Endometrioses:
Superficial peritoneal lesion. This is the most common kind. You have lesions on your peritoneum, a thin film that lines your pelvic cavity.
Endometrioma (ovarian lesion). These dark, fluid-filled cysts, also called chocolate cysts, form deep in your ovaries. They don’t respond well to treatment and can damage healthy tissue.
Deeply infiltrating endometriosis. This type grows under your peritoneum and can involve organs near your uterus, such as your bowels or bladder. About 1% to 5% of women with endometriosis have it.
The Difference between Endometriosis and Adenomyosis:
With endometriosis the cells grow outside the uterus and usually in the ovaries, the cavities of the pelvis, and the supporting ligaments of the uterus.
With adenomyosis the cells grow within the walls of the uterus. As the wall grows thicker, it can cause pain and heavy bleeding.
Both conditions can lead to anemia from menstrual bleeding. This means you don’t have enough iron in your blood. Iron supplements may help.
Endometriosis and adenomyosis usually don’t require treatment unless they cause you problems.
Both may be managed with pain medicines, like non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
Hormone medicines, such as birth control pills, progestin and progesterone, and gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists might also be used.
But the only sure cure for adenomyosis is a hysterectomy to remove your uterus. You must be sure you don’t want any more pregnancies before you decide to have a hysterectomy, embolization, or ablation.
Herbs for Endometriosis and Adenomyosis:
Frankincense and Myrrh
Vitamin B1 and Vitamin E
Omega-3 fatty acids
Chinese herbal medicine- Corydalis yanhusuo
Juice/ Smoothie Recipes for Endometriosis and Adenomyosis:
Make your own smoothie- Choose of each option
½ to 2 cups Greens (Kale, Chard, Spinach)
1 cup liquid (Water, Nondairy milk, Juice)
1 cup fresh fruit (Pineapple, Mango, Banana, Melon)
1 cup frozen goods (Ice, Frozen berries, or Cherries)
Protein (optional) ½ cup cottage cheese, 1 scoop protein powder
Flavor boost (ginger, cinnamon, cocoa powder, vanilla extract)
1 rib celery, 1 cup cucumber, ½ cup pineapple, ½ lime wedge, 1 cup coconut water
Inflammation be gone
1 cup hemp or coconut milk, 1/2 cup frozen pineapple or mango, 1 fresh banana, 1 tbsp coconut oil, ½ tsp of turmeric/ cinnamon and ginger, 1 tsp chia seeds, 1 tsp maca root (opt)
Do not attempt to self-diagnose adenomyosis or endometriosis. The condition can have the same symptoms as other health problems some of which have different treatments. Although you can manage many symptoms related to painful, heavy, or long periods at home, it is important to seek the care of a health professional if your period worries you or keeps you from doing activities you enjoy.
In addition, always consult a health care professional before taking new medications, herbs, or supplements.